Wednesday, December 8, 2010

The types of cameras in phothography


a. Film cameras, now also known as analog cameras by some.

- Format Movies

Before we go into the kinds of film cameras is useful to know in advance the various kinds of video / film size. APS, Advanced Photography System. Small format with a size of 16x24mm film, packaged in a cartridge. Although this format is relatively new, but not popular. Stores that sell this type of film hard to find in Indonesia.

1. Format 135. Also known as 35mm film. 24x36mm in size, packaged in a cartridge containing 20 or 36 frames. This format is the most popular formats, many of us encounter all around us.
2. Medium format
3. Large format

- Type of Film

1. Film B / W, black and white negative film.
2. Color negative film. Most popular, we often use.
3. Positive film, also called a slide. More expensive and prone to overexposure. Yet the colors produced better because it can capture a wider range of contrast.

- The types of cameras

1. Pocket / compact. Pocket camera. Popular for the layman, simple and easy to operate. Using a 35mm format film.
2. Rangefinder. Search camera distance. Small, at first glance like a pocket camera. The difference is, this camera has a mechanism fokusing (hence called Rangefinder). Generally use a 35mm format film.
3. SLR, Single Lens Reflex. Single lens reflex camera. Popular with professionals, amateurs and hobbyists. Generally have a lens that can be replaced. Using a 35mm format film. Also called camera system.
4. TLR, Twin Lens Reflex. Double lens reflex camera. Usually use medium format.
5. Viewfinder. Usually use medium format.

b. The camera manual and automatic camera. Latest SLR cameras are already equipped with autofocus and autoexposure system but still can be operated manually.

c. Digital camera. Using a digital sensor instead of film.

1. Consumer. Pocket camera, cheap, easy to use. The lens can not be replaced. Most have only full-automatic mode. Just point and shoot. Some, like the Canon A series, has a manual mode.

2. Prosumer. SLR-like camera, mid-price. The lens can not be replaced. Shooting Mode manually and auto.

3. DSLR. Digital SLR.

Shooting mode

Auto mode, point and shoot mode, just aim and snap.

1. Full auto, the camera determines all the parameters.
2. Portrait, the camera uses the largest aperture to narrow DOF.
3. Landscape, the camera uses the smallest aperture.
4. Nightscene, use a slow speed and flash to capture the object and the BG as well.
5. Fast shutter speed
6. Slow shutter speed

Creative zone

1. P, program AE. Similar to auto mode with more control. With this mode we can control the exposure compensation, ISO, metering mode, Auto / manual focus, white balance, flash on / off, and continues shooting.
2. Tv, shutter speed priority AE. We determine the speed, the camera will calculate the appropriate aperture.
3. Av, aperture priority AE. We determine the aperture, the camera set the speed.
4. M, manual exposure. We are determining the aperture and speed manually.

Composition and Angle.

Composition is the placement of objects in a photo frame

Angle is the angle shooting, from the bottom, top, or parallel.

The composition and angle is more related to the art of photography. Factors photographer tastes great influence.
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